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Green Infrastructure

Green infrastructure is defined in the North West as “the region's life support system – the network of natural environmental components and green and blue spaces that lie within and between our cities, towns and villages and provide multiple social, economic and environmental benefits”[1]. The economic benefits of green infrastructure have been grouped into: climate change adaptation and mitigation, flood alleviation and water management, quality of place, health and well-being, land and property values, economic growth and investment, labour productivity, tourism, recreation and leisure, land and biodiversity, and products from the land[2]. Green infrastructure has its own physical components, referred to as “green infrastructure types”. These range from street trees and private gardens, through derelict land and parks and public gardens, to agricultural land, woodland, coastal habitats, grassland, heath land, moorland and scrubland. Green roofs and some SUDS form part of green infrastructure and harvested rainwater can be stored within it and used to irrigate it. Green infrastructure planning and delivery take place at a range of scales: from strategic policy making and planning at regional, sub-regional, and city levels, to local authority plans which can be embedded as part of the planning system, to neighbourhood plans to inform the master-planning process, and delivery of projects at neighbourhood, street and building levels.

In the UK, the concept of green infrastructure emerged at a regional level and is now being picked up at a national level[3]. Natural England’s Green Infrastructure Guidance gives an overview and signposts to relevant information, including a set of case studies[4] and an economic benefit assessment toolkit. Case studies included from the North West are the Weaver Valley Regional Park Green Infrastructure Plan, the River Dee Corridor Green Infrastructure Framework, and the Rochdale Green Infrastructure Strategy.  There is a wealth of activity across the North West. The regional green infrastructure website[5] contains more information and contacts. It includes a dedicated climate change section with a searchable evidence base of research, policy and delivery projects

To learn more about GI please view the related documents pane below:
[4] case studies_tcm6-10331.pdf

Extra Content



What is GI? 

Paul Nolan - Green Infrastructure Unit


Climate Change Adaptation and GI 

Ian Cooper - Eclipse


Measuring GI 

Susannah Gill - Green Infrastructure Unit


Case Study - Stamford Brook 

Francis Hesketh - TEP 

Relevant Documents

Extra Content


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